EHCP: Giving Young People The Help They Need


An Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP) is a legal document that outlines the support and provision that children and young people with special educational needs or disabilities (SEND) are entitled to. The process of obtaining an EHCP can be complex, so it’s important to understand the steps involved.

Understanding EHCPs

Education, Health, and Care Plans are designed to provide comprehensive support for children and young people with SEND. They replace the previous system of Statements of Special Educational Needs (SEN) in England. EHCPs are legally binding documents that set out a child’s educational, health, and social care needs. They are intended to ensure that every child receives the appropriate support to help them reach their full potential. EHCPs are applicable to children and young people from birth to the age of 25.

Identifying The Need For An EHCP

The process typically begins when a child’s parents, guardians, or school notice that the child is struggling with their education or needs additional support due to a disability or special educational needs. It can also start when a healthcare professional identifies a child’s health and care needs that are not being adequately addressed. In some cases, the process might begin when a child is transitioning from one educational setting to another.

Request For Assessment

Once the need for an EHCP is recognized, the first formal step in the process is to request an assessment from the local authority. This request can be made by the child’s parent or guardian, school, or healthcare professional. The request should include detailed information about the child’s needs, the support required, and the impact of their condition on their daily life.

Assessment And Gathering Evidence

The local authority has a legal obligation to assess the child’s needs within a specific timeframe. During the assessment, various professionals, including educational psychologists, social workers, and healthcare experts, will gather information about the child’s educational, health, and care needs. They will consult with the child and their parents or guardians and consider any existing reports or assessments.

Drafting The EHCP

Based on the assessment, the local authority will draft the EHCP. This document should be specific, clear, and individualised to the child’s needs. It will include information about the child’s strengths and areas where they require support, the types of support needed, and the outcomes expected from that support. The EHCP should also specify the educational setting and any special provisions or accommodations necessary.

Consultation And Review

Once the EHCP is drafted, it should be shared with the child and their parents or guardians. They have the opportunity to request changes or provide feedback. The local authority will consider these views and make any necessary adjustments. It’s essential that the EHCP reflects the child’s and their family’s aspirations and wishes. The plan is typically reviewed annually, and any changes in support or provision should be documented in these reviews.

Naming A School Or Placement

The EHCP must specify the educational placement for the child. This could be a mainstream school, a special school, or other educational settings. The local authority should consider parental preferences, but the final decision rests with them. It is essential that the chosen school can meet the child’s needs and that the child can access the support and resources required to implement the EHCP effectively.

Annual Review And Updates

As mentioned earlier, EHCPs are subject to annual reviews. These reviews are important to ensure that the child’s needs are being met and to make any necessary adjustments to the plan. The local authority, parents, and the child (if appropriate) should all participate in these reviews. If the child’s needs or circumstances change, the EHCP can be updated outside of the annual review cycle. 

Disagreements and Appeals

In some cases, there may be disagreements between parents and the local authority regarding the content of the EHCP or the choice of school. Parents have the right to appeal decisions regarding EHCPs. This appeal process can involve mediation or a tribunal, where an independent panel will make a final decision.

Transfer to Post-16 EHCPs

When a young person with an EHCP reaches the age of 16, they will undergo a transfer review. This process will consider their transition into post-16 education, training, or employment. Post-16 EHCPs outline the support and provision needed to help the young person achieve their goals beyond school.


Obtaining an Education, Health, and Care Plan (EHCP) for a child with special educational needs or disabilities is a complex process that involves multiple steps. It begins with the identification of the child’s needs and progresses through assessment, drafting the EHCP, consultation, and annual reviews. The EHCP is a crucial document that outlines the child’s educational, health, and care needs and ensures that they receive the support and provision required to reach their full potential.

The EHCP process is intended to be collaborative, involving the child, their parents or guardians, and various professionals. However, disagreements can arise, and parents have the right to appeal decisions if they feel that the EHCP is not meeting their child’s needs adequately.

Ultimately, the goal of the EHCP process is to ensure that every child and young person with special educational needs or disabilities has access to the appropriate support and resources to help them succeed in education and beyond. By following the steps in the process and actively participating in the development and review of the EHCP, families can help ensure that their child’s unique needs are met.

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